There are nine core international human rights treaties. Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, all UN Member States have ratified at least one core international human rights treaty, and 80 percent have ratified four or more. Each treaty has a committee which monitors implementation of the treaty. Many of these treaties pertain to tobacco control.

International Human Rights Treaties

  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)

    1979 – CEDAW and tobacco are interconnected in many ways including smoking rates amongst women and girls, advertising directed at women and girls, tobacco labor issues, smoking’s impact on maternal and child health, and more. The human rights body for CEDAW is called the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (also CEDAW). Read more…

  • Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

    Tobacco impacts children’s rights in many ways including advertising directed at children, second hand smoke, tobacco labor issues, environmental issues, and more. Read more…

  • International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

  • Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)

  • Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

  • Treaty Bodies Sessions Calendar

General Comments

A general comment is a statement made by the Comittee (such as the Committee on the Rights of the Child) which interprets or clarifies the rights set out in the treaty in question, and may outline potential violations of those rights and/or offer advice to states parties on how best to comply with their obligations contained in the respective treaty.
  • 2013 – CRC General comment No. 15 (2013) on the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (art. 24)*

  • CESCR General Comment No. 14: The Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Health (Art. 12)

ASH and partner reports