Project Sunset is an ASH-led global campaign to convince policy makers to phase out the sale of commercial combustible tobacco products. It is focused entirely on the sale, not individual possession or use. The campaign includes efforts to address the social, political, and structural factors that sustain the smoking epidemic, in order to end it within a specified time period. Project Sunset reframes the conversation away from controlling death and disease to eliminating it.
The qualifier “commercial” is to allow for limited sales of tobacco products for sacred use, especially among American Indians who have considered tobacco spiritual and medicinal for many centuries. The name “Project Sunset” is derived from a tobacco industry scheme in the 1990s to renormalize smoking, which they called “Project Sunrise.”
Project Sunset is grounded in the understanding that the tobacco epidemic is caused by the actions of the tobacco industry. Nicotine is highly addictive, and cigarettes and other products have been engineered to be as addictive as possible. The majority of tobacco users became addicted as children, when consent was impossible. It is in part for this reason that the campaign is focused entirely on the tobacco industry and its products, not individual possession or use. Governments have a human rights obligation when enacting endgame policies to ensure access to cessation resources and support for tobacco users.
Project Sunset is focused on combustible tobacco, because that is the form of tobacco use that does nearly all of the damage to health in most countries. Depending on national or local contexts, policy makers may want to include smokeless and/or electronic nicotine delivery devices (ENDS) in their sales ban. There is a debate within the public health community on the reaction to ENDS; ASH’s stance is that we must not allow this debate to keep us from addressing the products that we all agree kill when used as intended.
There are a few “cardinal rules” for jurisdictions wishing to implement Project Sunset. The first is a phase-in period. This is to allow people who smoke time to quit, and for retailers to adjust their business models. The phase-out period will necessarily vary depending on the jurisdiction. In the two U.S. cities that have passed Sunset-style ordinances, smoking prevalence was already below 9%; consequently, their phase out periods ranged from 12 to 18 months. In jurisdictions with high prevalence, stronger implementation of measures included in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control are vital to reduce demand in preparation for Project Sunset. The second rule follows from the first – governments have an obligation to aid in cessation and to assist small retailers. Finally, ASH does not condone bans on possession or use.
ASH has formed U.S. and global steering committees of experts to guide our work on Project Sunset. There is also a separate but parallel effort in the state of California, and ASH sits on the state advisory committee.
There have been other “endgame” efforts in tobacco control over the past 15-20 years, but Project Sunset is different in that it is focused on the goal of ending sales. Past endgame conferences and research have focused on determining the best policies to end the tobacco epidemic, but we recognize that there are a number of potential paths to ending sales available to a government with the political will to consider Project Sunset. No “one size fits all” Sunset policy or set of policies will be appropriate for every jurisdiction. A number of supply-side interventions have been suggested, from continuously raising the age of purchase to gradually restricting retailer licensing to zero. The key is to put forward a plan that envisions the end of the tobacco epidemic, not merely a reduction in death and disease, while the tobacco industry continues to be permitted its deadly trade.
There is no inherent right for the tobacco industry to continue to be permitted to sell its deadly products. As the Danish Institute for Human Rights concluded, “there can be no doubt that the production and marketing of tobacco is irreconcilable with the human right to health.” Put simply, selling a consumer product that is both addictive and deadly is unacceptable and must be stopped.
National Steering Committee*
Doug Blanke, Public Health Law Center at Mitchell Hamline School of Law
John Bloom, Consultant
Chris Bostic, Action on Smoking and Health
Lauren Czaplicki, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
Dick Daynard, Public Health Advocacy Institute at Northeastern University
Stacey Gagosian, Truth Initiative
Laurent Huber, Action on Smoking and Health
Dr. Andrew Hyland, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center
Jackie Kaslow, Native Star Foundation
Joelle Lester, Public Health Law Center at Mitchell Hamline School of Law
Ruth Malone, University of California – San Francisco
Dr. Tim McAfee, Former Director, CDC Office on Smoking and Health
Carol McGruder, African American Tobacco Control Leadership Council
April Roeseler, California Department of Public Health
David Willoughby, Clearway Minnesota
*Steering committee members serve in their individual capacities.
Contact us to learn more about how to begin implementing one of these policies in your local community: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ending the commercial sale of combustible tobacco products is not the same as prohibition. It is analogous to the way jurisdictions are looking at cannabis “legalization” or “de- criminalization”. Like in jurisdictions that have decriminalized cannabis, no one will be arrested for carrying or using cigarettes (within legally prescribed limits) and police officers will not search individuals, cars, or homes on the suspicion of cigarette possession. The public would be free to grow their own tobacco, give it as gifts, and even bring it in from other places.
In jurisdictions that have or are considering “legalizing” cannabis, no one is in favor of selling cannabis as a typical consumer good or making it available in convenience stores, gas stations, and the typical retail environment. Ending the commercial sales of cigarettes is not meant to make tobacco illegal, it is merely a rational response to the damage caused by the current extensive availability of cigarettes. Read full FAQs here>
The Focus is Cigarettes
Our focus is to phase out the sale of highly-engineered cigarettes. We oppose criminalizing their possession or use, always bringing the focus back to the tobacco industry and their marketing, mass distribution, and sale of a deadly product.
Tobacco plants themselves have additional uses currently being explored, such as vaccines (providing an outlet for tobacco farmers who don’t switch to a more profitable crop). Read more here.
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- Dolgeville, NY: Retail Environment Tobacco Law
- Why Tasmanian retailers stop selling tobacco and implications for tobacco control (August 2020)
- New England grocery chain Hannaford to stop selling tobacco products
- Support for Aggressive Tobacco Control Interventions Among California Adolescents and Young Adults
- Malone & Smith: An argument for phasing out the sale of cigarettes
- Another Voice: Smoking should be declared a public health emergency
- Unplanned purchasing of tobacco products
- Over 100 towns in Sri Lanka stop cigarette sales
- Store in New Zealand stops selling tobacco to protect its staff and its community
- UK Priest Neil McNicholas: Only answer to health threat is no smoking at all
- Tobacco Free Generation in Tasmania
- Tobacco Free Generation details
- A complete ban on the sale of cigarettes within 10 years, with smoking cessation support — is favoured by 44 per cent of smokers surveyed in Canada.
- Erie County, NY: Editorial: Ban tobacco sales in drugstores and As tobacco disappears from shelves, local smokers shrug: ‘I’m supposed to be quitting anyway.’
- Let’s Get Rid of Cigarettes
- A NJ bill would ban menthol cigarettes. It doesn’t go far enough
- A new study shows that if pharmacies didn’t sell cigarettes, fewer people would smoke.
- Plain packets help smokers quit by killing brand identities
- The Real Cost of Smoking by State
- Evaluating the impact and equity of a tobacco-free pharmacy law on retailer density in New York City neighbourhoods
Expert Talks at ASH’s National Conference on Tobacco or Health 2019 (NCTOH) Booth
- Beverly Hills Mayor John Mirisch discusses how they became the 1st U.S. jurisdiction to phase out tobacco sales. Review his powerpoint slides here.
- Dr. Harry Lando of the University of Minnesota discusses tobacco as a human rights violation. Review his powerpoint slides here.
- Laurent Huber of Action on Smoking and Health discusses the intersection of the tobacco control and human rights fields. Review his powerpoint slides here.
- Overview of Project Sunset at NCTOH: Setting the Sun on Big Tobacco