The Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI) is the first hospital/research institution in the Netherlands to file a report in the ongoing criminal case against tobacco manufacturers. In doing so, the NKI asks the Public Prosecution Service to take steps against the tobacco manufacturers. The NKI believes that it is ‘banging its head against a brick wall’ and this has to stop. Figures show that no less than 30% of the NKI patients die as a result of smoking. In the Netherlands, at least 55 people die every day because of smoking. As a result of their smoking behaviour of 20 years ago, women are now more likely to die from lung cancer than from breast cancer.